A split tooth (Diastema) is a condition where there is a gap between the teeth. Such cavities, which are found in the teeth of approximately 20 out of every 100 people, are often found between two teeth, often the middle two teeth. However, it can also occur between all teeth.
Split teeth may be genetic or may occur due to tooth loss, gingival problems that occur in advanced ages or clenching habits, but these gaps can be eliminated with current aesthetic treatment methods.
Three methods stand out in the treatment of split teeth: Composite Lamina (Bonding), Porcelain Lamina (Leaf Porcelain) and Orthodontic Treatment.
The method to be applied is determined according to the patient’s complaints, examination findings and model analysis. The patient is informed in detail about the advantages and disadvantages of the determined treatment. Upon request, a demo of the post-treatment image can be prepared with WaxUp and MockUp processes. Supporting the treatment with digital smile design applications ensures that the result is much more successful in terms of aesthetics.
Composite Lamina (Bonding)
Composite lamina, which is a method that can be applied without anesthesia and without abrading the tooth surface and provides results in a single session (1-3 hours), is a frequently preferred method in the treatment of sparse and discrete teeth. In the veneer process, durable composites are used, which are indistinguishable from the tooth itself in terms of color. As a result of polishing and polishing, aesthetically perfect results are obtained.
However, composite lamina treatment cannot be applied if the spaces between the teeth are too large, if there is serious material loss or material incompatibility in the teeth. The duration of treatment is between 1 and 3 hours.
Porcelain Lamina (Leaf Porcelain)
A fast, aesthetic and safe way to remove the spaces between the teeth is to remove an average of half a millimeter from the tooth surface and stick porcelain leaves, which we call Porcelain Lamina, on it. Although Porcelain Lamina is a thin layer, once adhered to the tooth surface, it becomes extremely resistant to cracking and breaking.
Since Porcelain Lamina is very similar to tooth enamel in terms of its physical properties, it cannot be easily distinguished from natural teeth in terms of appearance. The duration of treatment varies between 5 and 7 days.
The split tooth condition can also be resolved by allowing the teeth to gradually approach each other with the pressure of braces or clear aligners.
It is the most appropriate treatment method when split teeth are accompanied by occlusal or occlusal problems. The duration of treatment is between 12 and 18 months.